Cultural diversity in Iaşi
Iasi city is the county seat and the main urban center in north-eastern Romania, a main development center of the eastern part of the European Union. According to the census of 2011, in Iasi are 290,422 inhabitants and is the fourth largest city in Romania. Iasi Metropolitan Area, which includes 13 neighboring localities, has a population of approximately 400,000 inhabitants.
University and historic center, cultural capital of Romania
By his historic tradition, Iasi reflects a European multiparty diversity representing an urban space evolving original, conferred by the geographical position and the exceptional political destiny. Outstanding cultural center, where the commonly used phrase is “cultural capital of Romania”, Iasi is an important historical center and in 2008 was celebrating 600 years of documentary attestation of the city. Iasi is a university center with over 60,000 students annually, studying in 5 state universities and three private universities, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, partner of this project, is the oldest modern universities in the country. With an impressive cultural and religious heritage in Iasi are over 50 churches, including the Church “Three Hierarchs”, a symbol of the city. The knowledge of past history, demographic and cultural heart of Iasi is an essential component of our contemporary identity. Summarizing at just a few memorable events in Iasi cultural history, we learn that “George Asachi” founded in Iasi as “Vasilian Gymnasium”, the first primary school that teaches in Romanian language from the country, of which, in 1834, has developed “Mihaileana Academy” the first higher education institution in the country at that time.
Also as part of the Romanian education, on March 18, 1833 was founded in Iasi the first scientific society, the Society of Physicians and Naturalists. Its seat was in the house Roset, the building where we could find the Natural History Museum of Iasi, established in 1834. At the genesis of Iasi the ethnic minorities contributed historically since the 14th century. The cultural diversity that characterizes today’s society Iasi, part of the highly tumultuous historical past, led to social interactions between groups bearing different cultures. After the restoration of the democratic regime in Romania in 1990, when they opened in Iaşi the French Cultural Center, German Cultural Centre, British Cultural Center (British Council), Cultural Center of Latin America and the Caribbean and the Greek Cultural Center “Panellinion” intercultural dialogue consolidated. Currently, Iasi is a multicultural city where, according to the 2011 population census, 1,376 Roma live together, 51 Ukrainians, 197 Lippovan-Russians, 178 Greek, 215 Hebrew, 12 Armenians, 80 Germans, 55 Turks, 101 Hungarians, and 61 Italians, especially during university studies there are many Arab students.